Neuro Ophthalmology

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Neuro Ophthalmology

Neuro-Ophthalmology is a super specialty that merges the fields of neurology and ophthalmology. Neuro-ophthalmologists are responsible for the diagnosis and management of complex systemic diseases of the nervous system that affect vision, eye movements and alignment, as well as pupillary reflexes.

The Optic Nerve carries electrical impulses from the eye to the brain and enables us to see. Neuro Ophthalmology is the subspecialty that deals with disorders of the optic nerve. Common disorders include optic neuritis (inflammation and swelling of the optic nerve), Ischemic Optic neuropathies (Decreased blood supply to the optic nerve) and Traumatic optic neuropathy. Diagnosis of these disorders requires electrophysiological tests such as VEP/ERG and EOG


Common Symptoms that Require Attention

The typical symptoms that could signify a neuro-ophthalmological problem include:

  • Sudden decrease or loss of vision

  • Sudden transient loss of vision (called transient ischemic attack or eye stroke)

  • Visual hallucinations

  • Double vision or diplopia

  • Intractable headaches

  • Pupillary abnormalities (sluggish reaction, the difference in size of the pupils)

  • Sudden onset of difficulties in identifying colors

  • Inability to tolerate bright light

  • Visual Field Defects

  • Squint or strabismus (especially adult onset)

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The Common Eye Diseases that Require Attention from a Neuro-Ophthalmologist Include

Optic Neuritis

It is a condition which presents as a sudden onset loss or decrease in vision due to inflammation of the optic nerve. It can be due to an infection, or an autoimmune response. Optic neuritis is often associated with Multiple Sclerosis(MS).

Squint or Strabismus

A misalignment of the eye, especially when sudden in onset, and associated with double vision is often due to paralysis of one or more of the small muscles of the eye, and is called paralytic strabismus. The eye shows limitations of ocular movement as well.


Papilledema is characterized by the swelling of the optic nerve head (the part of the optic nerve which can directly be seen by your eye doctor during a retinal evaluation) due to increased pressure from inside the brain. It may be due to tumors, infections like meningitis, encephalitis, etc.

Toxic or Nutritional Optic Neuropathy

The optic nerve may be damaged due to toxic substances found in tobacco & alcohol. In fact, the optic nerve damage is often due to lack of nutrients and deficiency of vitamin B-complex and folic acid as well. These diseases also present as decreased vision.

Neuro-Opthalmology Treatment in Faridabad at Drishti Eye Centre

We have a dedicated department for neuro-ophthalmology, and our highly experienced doctors make sure that the cause of the problem is identified within a very short period and treated accordingly. Our neurosurgeons make sure that all the patients get high-quality treatment and are taken good care of by the staff.

If you have any questions regarding the treatment or the process carried out by our surgeons, please feel free to get in touch with us.